A password attack is exactly what it sounds like: a third party trying to gain access to your systems by cracking a user’s password.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
This type of attack does not usually require any type of malicious code or software to run on the system.
There is software that attackers use to try and crack your password, but this software is typically run on their own system.
Programs use many methods to access accounts, including brute force attacks made to guess passwords, as well as comparing various word combinations against a dictionary file.
HOW CAN I PREVENT IT?
Strong passwords are really the only way to safeguard against password attacks. This means using a combination of upper and lower case letters, symbols and numbers and having at least eight characters or more.
As a point of reference, an attacker using a brute force password cracking program, can typically unlock a password with all lower case letters in a matter of minutes. It’s also recommended not to use words found in the dictionary, no matter how long they are; it just makes the password attacker’s job easier.
It’s also good practice to change your passwords at regular intervals. If a hacker is able to obtain an older password, then it won’t work because it’s been replaced!